The story of the female red kite, tagged Orange/Red 7

Our story begins in 2000 at Harewood Estate, West Yorkshire when the first confirmed successful Red Kite breeding in recent times occurred in Yorkshire. It involved an older female, which had been rescued from a cattle drinking trough in the Chilterns and cared for by the Zoological Society of London and a young male of Chilterns origin, released in the Yorkshire reintroduction programme by Doug Simpson MBE at Harewood in 1999.

They bred successfully in subsequent years and in 2003 produced two young which were tagged as Orange/Red 6 and Orange/Red 7. The former stayed in the Harewood area whilst the subject of this story decided to move to East Yorkshire where it was found in the company of Orange/Red 23.

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They bred successfully in 2005 and to the best of our knowledge O/R 7 has done so every year since.

Initially, with permission from the estate of the nest location we were able to closely monitor the pair through the breeding season. Knowing the red kite’s habit of ‘decorating’ the nest with all sorts of articles, in one year the area beneath was covered in tissues. It was as though the birds had managed to carry a box up to the nest and proceeded to use the contents!

But then in 2008 an incident, nothing to do with Yorkshire Red Kites occurred elsewhere that prompted the estate to remove our access for close monitoring. In this same year we noted that in viewing from the public highway, the male seen breeding with Orange/Red 7 didn’t have any wing tags showing, so it is possible the original male, Orange/Red 23 had lost his tags. However this particular male bird had lost one of his left wing primary (the big ‘fingers’ at the end of the wing) feathers making him easy to distinguish right through the breeding season where he gained the name of ‘Gappy’ from one of our observers. So from that year on, instead of being able to count young in the nest we had to wait until any young that successfully fledged were to be seen flying above the nest site viewed from the public highway.

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This method of monitoring has remained the same in subsequent years with the added complication that the estate owners have planted a double row of Leylandii conifers, not usually seen on farmland in the area, that have gained considerable height making our observations difficult.

However what we do know is that Orange/Red 7, now 14 years old successfully raised at least 1 young in 2017 that brings her total to at least 21 since 2005.

Our thanks go to Michael Flowers for capturing these images of her in Oct 2017 showing that the grand old lady is still flying free.

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YRK Newsletter (19)


Newsletter – Issue (19)

Sightings. The steady flow of reports of Red Kite sightings to the website shows that they are continuing to explore new areas – both urban and rural. The nature of some of the areas where they are now being seen contrasts starkly with the habitat in those remote parts of Wales which were the only places in the UK where they could be seen just a few decades ago. However, there is still a relative dearth of sightings from south of Leeds. In fact, putting on one side the East Yorkshire satellite population, our most southerly confirmed Yorkshire nest site is some 12km due east of Leeds City Centre and to the north of the A1(M)! This is a puzzle as there is apparently much suitable habitat in the southern part of the county, with historical records of presence some 200 years or so ago. A possible clue is that the general pattern of movement of kites away from UK release sites has largely coincided with the direction of the prevailing south-westerly wind. Indeed it is possible that areas south of Leeds may eventually be colonised by kites which are spreading slowly northwards from the well-established Midlands population.

Breeding monitoring continued in 2017. Two sets of figures are shown below. Full monitoring of all known occupied areas in West Yorkshire had not been possible in 2015 and 2016, but resumed this year. Table 1 below shows the confirmed figures (bold type) for 2017 for all of those areas which had been checked in 2016 (figures in brackets). Table 2 shows the overall monitoring findings for 2017, including the previously excluded area

Table 1






West Yorkshire

36 (36)

36 (35)

31 (29)

57 (52)

North Yorkshire

49 (41)

47 (40)

42 (36)

79 (66)

East Yorkshire

  8 (7)


8 (7)

13 (13)


84 (92)

82 (84)

72 (74)

131 (139)

Average young raised per successful pair = 1.84 (1.82)


Table 2






Overall Total





Average young per successful pair: 1.76


A total of 27 new nest sites was discovered, although several of these may have involved pairs which had decided on a change of location. Some of the new pairs were on estates well away from existing confirmed sites, so confirming that they are travelling further afield in their search for suitable, unoccupied, habitat and significantly extending the population range in the process. This was the primary objective of the release project and it is encouraging to see it being achieved.

Three long-established nests succumbed to the combined effects of wet weather and gravity. The kites’ well known habit of taking all manner of rubbish, notably plastic, to their nests makes them impermeable – the nests that is! The build-up and retention of water makes the nest too heavy for the often flimsy supports on which it is based and it falls to the ground. In two cases there were young in the nest. In one instance, a visit a couple of days later revealed the presence of a recently fledged young kite. There being no other nests in the vicinity, it is highly likely that it had left the nest before it fell down. In a fourth case, the young were found dead in a pool of water in the nest – yet more evidence of the curse of discarded plastic!

Persecution issues. The Illegal killing of Red Kites, whether by poisoning or shooting, has been a regular and unacceptable feature of their presence since releases began in Yorkshire in 1999. Most of the victims have died through feeding on poisoned baits placed in the open countryside – a practice which has been illegal for more than 100 years.

In 2016 there had been six victims confirmed in North Yorkshire (4 shootings and 2 poisonings), four of which had occurred in the Nidderdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). The shooting of another kite in the AONB near Pateley Bridge in March 2017 led to unprecedented reactions on social media. The negative publicity and concerns about the level of wildlife crime in the area prompted immediate local action. Two local businessmen offered rewards for information leading to the arrest of whoever was responsible. The RSPB doubled the figure and a further contribution from Crimestoppers brought the total up to £4000.

The Nidderdale AONB has an atrocious record for Red Kite persecution. Twenty one (60%) of the total of 35 confirmed Yorkshire illegal deaths have occurred there. These figures take no account of other victims not found or of other species which have been similarly affected. It is particularly appropriate and especially welcome that local citizens have now decided that those members of their community who are responsible for these acts should stop tainting the reputation of the area through their blatant disregard for the welfare and protected status of these birds.

One persecution case not involving Red Kites is particularly worthy of note, it being indicative of the type of crime long suspected as occurring in certain remote moorland areas. In May 2017 a pair of Marsh Harriers settled in the AONB on heather moorland, an unusual habitat choice for this species. The RSPB installed a covert camera to monitor progress. On a routine check of the nest a few days later, it was found that the five eggs it had contained had disappeared. Natural predation was initially suspected as the cause, but a review of the video footage revealed a very different story. The nest had been visited on several occasions by men carrying guns. Shots had been fired, apparently in an attempt to shoot the female as they disturbed her from the nest, and items believed to have been eggs were seen being removed. Two Marsh Harriers were subsequently seen in flight in the area, suggesting that the adult birds had escaped without serious injury. Details of the case can be found at:

Both of the above cases are being investigated by North Yorkshire Police.

Coincidentally, wildlife persecution has become an issue prompting public concern and comment in the Yorkshire Dales National Park, the eastern boundary of which is adjacent to the Nidderdal AONB. This arose as a result of a YDNPA public consultation, preparatory to it drawing up its management plan for the period 2018 – 2023.

Anyone finding evidence of a suspected wildlife crime should report it immediately to the Police on 101, asking to speak to a Wildlife Crime Officer and requesting an incident number. If there is an indication that poisoning is involved (eg obvious poison bait or multiple deaths), it should also be reported to the Wildlife Incident Investigations Scheme (WIIS) on 0800 321600. Many persecution victims have been found by members of the public whilst visiting the countryside. You may wish to enter these contact numbers on your mobile phone so that you have them to hand if you find something suspicious.

Reports of kites regularly frequenting new areas are particularly welcome. This helps us to confirm new breeding pairs and monitor the progress of the expanding population. They can be reported through the ‘Contact us’ facility on the website at

Contacts – via website as above:

Doug Simpson MBE.

Nigel Puckrin (East Yorkshire).

Simon Bassindale (North York Moors).

Acknowledgements. Thanks again to the many landowners and their representatives, gamekeepers, farmers, members of the public and veterinary practices who have assisted this year. The ongoing financial support from Yorkshire Wildlife Trust for Red Kite monitoring work is very much appreciated.



Police are appealing for information after a red kite was found dead in Nidderdale.


On the afternoon of Saturday 11 March, a dead red kite was found near Greenhow, in Nidderdale, North Yorkshire.

An examination revealed the bird’s carcass contained what is believed to be lead shot.

PC David Mackay, a Wildlife Crime Officer of  North Yorkshire Police Rural Taskforce, said: “It has taken many years to re-introduce red kites after their near-extinction from the UK, and these magnificent birds can now regularly be seen in the skies over North Yorkshire.

“They are a Schedule 1 bird and have special legal protection under the Wildlife and Countryside Act. They feed on carrion and pose no threat to game birds, farmed animals or pets.

“I would ask anyone who has any information that could assist the investigation to get in touch with me.”

North Yorkshire Police are being supported in the investigation by Yorkshire Red Kites.

Anyone with information is asked to contact North Yorkshire Police on 101, select option 2 and ask for PC 1452 David Mackay, or email. You can also contact Crimestoppers anonymously on 0800 555 111. Please quote reference number 12170047155 when passing information.

Birdcrime 2015

RSPB report shows North Yorkshire again the worst region in the UK for the persecution of birds of prey.

"The RSPB's Birdcrime report summarises offences against wild bird legislation that are reported to the RSPB each year. We have published the report annually since 1990: it is the only centralised source of incident data for UK wild bird crime. 

For the first time we are presenting the Birdcrime report data in an interactive online format, to make them more accessible than ever before. Keep scrolling down to see headlines, incident maps and case studies for 2015"